Types Of Melon And Foods To Avoid If You Can’t Eat Melon

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Have you been diagnosed with a melon allergy or melon sensitivity? 

Do you suspect that you are allergic to melons? Have you noticed that you get uncomfortable symptoms after eating melons? 

Having adverse food reactions to melons can be dangerous and sometimes hard to identify. 

In this article you’ll learn more about melons, hidden sources of melons, and foods that are related to melons which may trigger symptoms and adverse food reactions. 

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Melon Food Family

Melons are part of the Gourd Family, which is also known as Cucurbitaceae Food Family.

The most common melons in the United States are Cantaloupe, Honeydew, and Watermelon. Other varieties of melon are common to Southeast Asia, China, Africa, and other tropical areas.

Melons are often-oval shaped with either textured or smooth skin. Melons often have various shades of green skin or yellow skin. It is common for melons to have pale to dark yellow, green, red, or orange flesh.

Melon Allergy And Melon Sensitivity

If you are allergic to melons or sensitive to melons, you may be allergic or sensitive to the many types of melons.

Different Types Of Melon

  • Bailan Melon (a variety of Honeydew Melon)
  • Bitter Melon
  • Canary Melon (also called Winter Melon)
  • Cantaloupe Melon
  • Casaba Melon
  • Charentais melon
  • Crenshaw Melon
  • Gac Melon
  • Hami Melon
  • Honeydew Melon
  • Horned Melon
  • Korean Melon
  • Muskmelon
  • Persian Melon
  • Santa Claus Melon
  • Sprite Melon
  • Watermelon

types of melon infographic for Single Ingredient Groceries

Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome & Oral Allergy Syndrome

The American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology provides further information on melon allergy.

Some people suffer from Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome (PFAS) which is also known as Oral Allergy Syndrome (OAS). This condition is caused by cross reacting pollens found in pollen and raw foods.

Ragweed pollen allergy is associated with reactions to banana, cucumber, melons, sunflower seeds, and zucchini.

Cooked version of these foods are sometimes tolerated because the immune system does not recognize the proteins that have become altered in the cooking process.

Pollen Food Allergy Syndrome symptoms usually do not progress past the mouth and may include itching, scratchy throat, lip swelling, tongue swelling, hives, and itchy ears.  Pollen Allergy Syndrome and Oral Allergy Syndrome should be managed by an Allergist. An epi pen may be needed.

Certain people may only experience an allergic reaction when consuming specific melons.

However, the following foods may trigger symptoms due to cross-reactivity among different foods (2):

  • Tomatoes
  • Kiwi
  • Bananas
  • Avocado
  • Sunflower Seeds

Melon Cross Reactivity

Gourd Family

Squash comes in many varieties and is in the Gourd Family as well. People who do not tolerate Melons may also not tolerate Squash or other foods in the Gourd Family.

Summer squashes, winter squashes, and cucumbers are part of the Gourd Family:

Types Of Squash

  • Crookneck Squash
  • Straightneck Squash
  • Yellow Squash
  • Zucchini (Green)
  • Acorn Squash
  • Butternut Squash
  • Spaghetti Squash
  • Hubbard Squash
  • Pattypan Squash
  • Pumpkin
  • Cucumber
  • Gherkin

Hidden Sources Of Squash

  • Salads
  • Stir Fried Vegetables
  • Soups
  • Desserts such as Pumpkin Pie, Pumpkin Bread and Pumpkin Log
  • Pickles

Hidden Sources Of Cucumbers

  • Salads
  • Sandwich Toppings
  • Pickles
  • Middle Eastern Sauces
  • Yogurt Sauces
  • Dips and Spreads

Hidden Sources Of Melon

Be on the lookout for melons (especially Cantaloupe, Honeydew, and Watermelon) in the following foods:

  • Fruit Salad
  • Fruit Juice
  • Candy
  • Bitter Melon tea and supplements.
  • Other varieties of melon are popular in cuisines based on where they commonly grow.

Alternatives To Melon

Eating a variety of foods can be challenging, especially when you have to avoid specific foods.

Here are a list of fruits that are likely to be well tolerated by people who can’t eat melon:

  • Apple
  • Apricot
  • Blueberry
  • Cherry
  • Coconut
  • Cranberry
  • Date
  • Grape
  • Grapefruit
  • Lemon
  • Lime
  • Mango
  • Orange
  • Papaya
  • Peach
  • Pear
  • Pineapple
  • Plumb
  • Raspberry
  • Strawberry

Its not always easy to find the exact fruits you want at the grocery store, so online shopping for fresh and dried fruit is a great option. 

Here are a list of vegetables that are likely to be well tolerated by people who can’t eat melon.

  • Asparagus
  • Beet
  • Bok Choy
  • Broccoli
  • Brussel Sprouts
  • Cabbate
  • Carrot
  • Cauliflower
  • Celery
  • Chard
  • Eggplant
  • Green Bean
  • Grean Pea
  • Kale
  • Leek
  • Mushroom
  • Onion
  • Scallion
  • Spinach

Help For Melon Allergy & Melon Sensitivity

Melon allergy is an overall rare condition and identifying trigger foods may be challenging.

We recommend working with an Allergist, Registered Dietitian or Certified Leap Therapist to identify which foods are safest for you and which foods you should avoid.

If you experience symptoms related to food allergies or suspect allergic reactions we definitely recommend communicating this to your primary care provider as well. The information in this article does not replace medical advice.

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  1. Food Families Guide, Oxford Biomedical Technologies, Inc.


  • Dr. Lisa Hugh DHA MSHS RD LDN CLT

    Dr. Lisa Hugh is a Registered Dietitian and Certified Leap Therapist. She is a Doctor of Healthcare Administration and has a Master's of Science in Healthcare Administration. As a Food Sensitivity Expert, her passion is helping people with complex medical and nutrition needs find food and groceries that are safe and enjoyable. Lisa enjoys helping clients in her private practice.

  • Kristen Rohrer DHSc. CNS LDN

    Kristen Rohrer has a doctorate degree in Health Sciences. She is a Certified Nutrition Specialist, a Licensed Dietitian and Physician Assistant. Her specialties are pediatric nutrition, women's health, nutrition as preventative medicine.

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4 thoughts on “Types Of Melon And Foods To Avoid If You Can’t Eat Melon”

  1. I have Oral Allergy Syndrome to most vegetables when uncooked. I also have it for bananas, melons, and coconut. I have much more severe reactions to tree nuts. As I have diabetes, dieticians keep telling me to eat more nuts and vegetables. I am often told not to cook the vegetables as it breaks down what is healthy. Is it that I am allergic to what is healthy? If so, I have been at a loss for what to eat to control diabetes.

    • Hi Bill, thanks for sharing this. How frustrating!
      It sounds like you are getting general nutrition advice (more vegetables, more nuts, uncooked vegetables) without that information being personalized to your own needs.
      Can you eat olives, olive oil, seeds (like hemp seeds, chia seeds, flax seeds, sunflower seeds or sunflower butter)? These might be good sources of healthy fats and other nutrients that you can have in place of nuts.
      If you can’t eat raw vegetables, cooked vegetables are still good for you. It might be good to work with a dietitian who works with diabetes and who also has experience with food allergies.

  2. I wonder why I always suffer tinnitus after eating melon? And no, it isn’t a coincidence, every single time I eat melon I get really bad ringing in the ears. However if I stop eating melon the ringing in the ears stops immediately!


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