65 Really Flavorful Onion Substitutions

Home » Blog » Alternates & Substitutions » 65 Really Flavorful Onion Substitutions

Originally published on September 24, 2019. Updated and republished on September 18, 2023.

​Sometimes you really need an onion substitution — especially with onion allergy, onion sensitivity, and conditions like IBS.

Onions are healthy in a lot of ways, but they don’t always agree with everyone. If you can’t eat onions due to an onion allergy or onion sensitivity or another digestive issue, it is still possible to enjoy flavorful, well-seasoned meals.

​Even if you like onions and usually eat them, maybe you ran out and need to replace it with something you have on hand.

Image of sliced and whole yellow onions crossed out by a red prohibition sign for Single Ingredient Groceries blog post with image text "flavorful onion substitutions."

What Are Onions? 

Onions are a vegetable that is common in many meals and styles of cooking. Raw onions give a pungent flavor and odor as well as heat, and a burning sensation.

Onions and similar vegetables in the onion family are cultivated and used by people around the world. Onions are part of the Lily food family and the Allium genus. Onions are related to garlic, leeks, chives, Chinese onion, shallots, green onions, spring onions, and scallions as well as asparagus, sarsaparilla, and aloe vera.   

​Onions In Cooking 

Different types of onions can provide varied flavors and textures.

  • Vidalia onions are generally the sweetest.
  • Yellow onions are used most often as a flavor base and can be described as mellow, sweet, and savory. When cooked, yellow onions can contribute a meaty flavor to broths or recipes.
  • White onions are crispy and red onions are flavorful and tasty on salads and sandwiches. 
  • Shallots are similar to onions and offer a more subtle flavor. 

Onions are popular as:

  • Onion Rings
  • In French Onion Soup
  • As a base in soups, sauces, and stews
  • Alongside roasted vegetables
  • As a topping for salads, sandwiches, hot dogs, burgers, etc.
  • In chutneys
  • As a pickled accompaniment.

Onions are used in cooking in many ways including:

  • As an aromatic – vegetables (or herbs or meats) that are heated in fat or oil at the beginning of cooking to release aromas and intense flavors. (Sometimes aromatics are strained out before serving but onions usually are not.) 
  • As the main ingredient (such onion rings, French onion soup, and blooming onions). 
  • To give color (think about red onions or green onions cooked in scrambled eggs.)  
  • As a garnish (for example, red onions on top of a green salad or chopped scallions on top of Chinese food.) 
  • To give crunch (think about a crisp onion on a soggy sandwich or chopped onions in salsa).  
  • For sweetness. When cooked onions release their natural sugars. Caramelized onions may be part of a dish’s base or served as a topping. Onions are often caramelized along with other vegetables for a delicious side dish.  
  • As a source of flavor, texture, and aroma. (Think about browning onions in oil or butter at the start of cooking a soup or stew.)
  •  As a seasoning. (Examples include onion powder, onion salt, dried minced onions or lots of other spice blends that include these ingredients.) 
  • As a part of popular bases such as:
    • As part of the “Holy Trinity” of Louisiana Cajun cooking (celery, onion, bell pepper. Examples of Cajun meals are Jambalaya, Gumbo, and Etouffee.) 
    • As part of the French base Mirepoix (celery, onion, carrot. An example is Chicken and Dumplings.) 
    • As part of the Italian base Battuto/Soffritto (celery, onion, carrots with herbs, which may be cooked in lard, olive oil, or butter). 
    • As part of dips, sauces, spreads, and condiments (in salsa, guacamole, chutneys and with other pickled vegetables).      
Grey and Tan background with drawing of onion. Text: What onions do in recipes; crunch, flavor & texture, aroma, heat, color, flavor & seasoning; Single Ingredient Groceries
This post may contain affiliate links. If you click one of these links and make a purchase, I may earn a commission at no extra cost to you. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

Can You Be Allergic to Onions? 

The short answer is definitely yes. It is possible to be allergic to any food. Onions are not considered a common allergen in the US. Onion allergy symptoms could include tingling of the mouth, difficulty breathing, digestive symptoms, and anaphylactic shock.

In the case of onion allergy (or suspected onion allergy) strict avoidance of onions, green onions, scallions, onion powder and any form of onion is recommended. Because onion is closely related to garlic and shallots, strict avoidance of both foods is recommended as well.

People with onion allergy may be cross-reactive to lilies, daffodils, tulips, and iris so caution with these plants is advised.

(If you have or suspect you have any food allergy, you should definitely talk to your healthcare provider to see if allergy testing is needed and to discuss a safety plan including an epi-pen.)     

Onions may also need to be avoided for other reasons. Everybody’s body is different and reacts to foods and ingredients differently. Some people have food sensitivity to onions. Symptoms of food sensitivity to onions could include irritation in the mouth, digestive symptoms, headaches, or other symptoms.

(A food sensitivity involves the immune system but not IgE cells as in classic food allergies. Generally speaking, food sensitivity reactions involve white blood cells.)

Also, some people have a food intolerance to onions. (Food intolerances can be caused by digestive problems and generally don’t involve the immune system.)  

​Onions may be particularly problematic for people with Irritable Bowel Disease (IBS).  Onions contain fructans, which are a type of carbohydrate. For most people, fructans are good for the body. They are associated with increased healthy bacteria, increased nutrient absorption and colon health. However, they are sometimes a trigger for IBS. This would generally be considered an onion intolerance as compared to an onion allergy.   

​Common and Hidden Sources of Onions 

Onion may not be clearly identified on food labels. Food package labels may list onion or onion powder as an ingredient but onion may be hidden in ingredients listed as “broth” or “stock” or “natural flavor.”

If onions make you sick, please be careful with these foods that may contain hidden sources of onion: 

  • Soups
  • Stews
  • Stocks
  • Broths
  • Stews
  • Casseroles
  • Cajun / Creole cuisine
  • European cuisine 
  • Asian cuisine 
  • African cuisines
  • Mexican cuisine: Picante sauce, salsa, sauces
  • Salad dressing
  • Seasoning and spice mixes
  • Processed, frozen and canned meats, fish, and chicken
  • Flavored cheese
  • Pickles
  • Relish
  • Condiments 

​Other Reasons to Find an Onion Substitute

If onions make you sick (as in an onion allergy, a food sensitivity, or food intolerance) finding some go-to substitutions are a good idea – adding more flavor makes food more enjoyable and adds to the nutrient content of your meals. You might want to find an alternative for other reasons.

Some people just don’t like the look, smell, flavor, or texture of onions. Raw onions have a crisp texture and may not be tolerated by people with chewing, swallowing or digestive problems. Lastly, maybe you like onion but just don’t have any on hand and need a substitute for cooking.  

Six main characteristics of onion


Raw onions add crunch (and a strong onion flavor!) to sandwiches.

Flavor (with texture) 

Roasted onions add savory flavor and depth to roast beef and similar dishes. Onions may also be used to produce a sweet flavor. 


Sautéed onions (alone or with other vegetables such as celery, carrot, and peppers) smell great and get the meal started. 


Think about raw chopped onions on a hotdog. Depending on the type of onion used, you might get a “hot” flavor to balance out the salty, savory flavor of the meat. 


Either as a garnish or main ingredient, onions add pleasant color to meals and make food look more appetizing. (Green onions as a garnish, red onions cooked in eggs, white onions in a tomato salsa.)

Flavor / Seasoning (without texture) 

Onion powder adds a lot of flavor to meals and is often a part of seasoning blends. 

How to Decide

Because onions are used in a variety of ways, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all substitution. To find the best option, think about the characteristics of onions and how the onion is being used in the recipe. 

Infographic titled "Finding a good onion substitute" on tan background with words in text bubbles "crunch, flavor & texture, aroma, heat, color, seasoning." Single Ingredient Groceries


If you need crunch in your recipes, you can try these for a raw onion substitute. 

  • Cucumber
  • Chopped Red or Green Cabbage
  • Chopped Kale or Collard Greens
  • Carrots
  • Celery
  • Water Chestnuts
  • Jicama
  • Cauliflower
  • Sunflower Seeds
  • Chopped Almonds or Pecans
  • Radish – this will give a little heat as well.  
Infographic with grey background and text "Ingredients that give crunch" with images of onions, cucumbers, cauliflower, carrots, celery, radishes, sunflower seeds, and green cabbage. Single Ingredient Groceries

​Texture and Flavor

If you need texture and flavor that smells great, you can try these for a healthy onion alternative.   

  • Fennel
  • Celery
  • Celeriac
  • Carrots
  • Bell Peppers
  • Italian Peppers
  • Tomato
  • Mushroom
Infographic with grey background and title "Ingredients that give texture & flavor (and smell great)" Single Ingredient Groceries.

​Sweeter Flavor – Substitute for Caramelized Onions

If you need a sweeter flavor and pleasant texture or a replacement for caramelized onions, these vegetables can be caramelized and can be served as a side dish or used as a topping. 

These vegetables taste great on their own or in combination with other vegetables.  

  • Carrots
  • Sweet Potato
  • Parsnip
  • Celery Root
  • Rutabaga
  • Caramelization can also be recreated with Honey and Balsamic Syrup
Infographic with text Ingredients That Give Texture & A Sweet Flavor with images of onions, carrots, honey, sweet potato

​Aroma & Less Texture

If you need aroma that adds less texture, try these aromatic vegetables and herbs, which can be heated in oil or fat to release their aroma and deep flavors. 

  • Ginger
  • Parsley
  • Thyme
  • Bay Leaves
  • Chili Peppers
  • Lemongrass
Infographic with grey background titled "aromatic ingredients" and pictures of celery, ginger, parsley, bay leaves, onions, carrots, thyme, lemongrass, red peppers and shallots. Single Ingredient Groceries


If you want to replace the heat of an onion in a recipe, try these for added flavor.   

  • Radish
  • Horseradish
  • Chili Peppers
  • Mace
  • Ginger   

Garnish & Color

​If you need garnish or color, consider these onion replacements.

Green Onion Substitute

To replace the green in green onions or scallions, these vegetables can be finely chopped.

  • Bok Choy
  • Broccoli (When you buy frozen broccoli, sometimes tiny pieces break off.
  • Don’t throw them away! Just use as a green onion substitution when you
  • need a pop of color.)
  • Asparagus
  • Green Beans
  • Collard Greens
  • Kale
  • Mustard Greens
  • Spinach
  • Swiss Chard
  • Beet Greens
  • Arugula
  • Zucchini
  • Okra
  • Lettuce
  • Brussels Sprouts 


To add some color in place of red onions: 

  • Red Cabbage
  • Radish 
  • Carrots (Yes, I know these are orange…but just like red onions give a contrast to green lettuce, orange carrots will offer a similar balance in color.)
  • Tomato
  • Red Bell Peppers
  • Red Palm Oil 
  • Paprika Peppers
  • Sweet Red Pepper (Cornitos)  
  • Blood Orange  (These pretty oranges look amazing in a salad.)

​Onion Powder Substitute

If you need flavor and seasoning you can try these as an onion powder substitute or onion salt substitute. 

These can be added to wet ingredients like broths, sauces, and salad dressings.  

  • Dill 
  • Caraway Seed
  • Lemon (I have found a little bit of lemon juice to be a really good onion powder substitution. Both “brighten” the food.)
  • Black Pepper
  • White Pepper
  • Celery Seed
  • Parsley
  • Cilantro
  • Cayenne Pepper
  • Cumin
  • Paprika, Smoked Paprika, Hot Paprika  

​Final Thoughts   

Garlic, leeks, shallots and chives and good onion alternatives from a flavor and cooking perspective. However, I have to advocate a safety first perspective. These foods are closely related to onion so I advise extreme caution in the case of onion allergy, sensitivity or intolerance.

If you are uncertain, please work with an allergist, dietitian or certified leap therapist to determine which foods you can comfortably and safely eat. 

Lastly, when you’re considering what to use as an alternative to onion, also ask yourself these questions:   

What do you like?
What do you have at home? 
What have you used before? 

And, please share your tips in the comments below. Let me know what you have found to be a good substitute for onion.

Like what you read? Sign up for our email Newsletter.


  • Dr. Lisa Hugh DHA MSHS RD LDN CLT

    Dr. Lisa Hugh is a Registered Dietitian and Certified Leap Therapist. She is a Doctor of Healthcare Administration and has a Master's of Science in Healthcare Administration. As a Food Sensitivity Expert, her passion is helping people with complex medical and nutrition needs find food and groceries that are safe and enjoyable. Lisa enjoys helping clients in her private practice.

    View all posts

Sharing is caring!

12 thoughts on “65 Really Flavorful Onion Substitutions”

  1. Wow. Thanks. I think I have an onion intolerance. Been suspicious for a while. Raw onions have been kicked out but I still consume seasonings. Until now I guess. I am dying with my cat on the couch. Would you say powdered alliums are more concentrated than fresh ones? Should I throw them all in the trash? I don’t eat meat nor any added sugar. It’s getting complicated now.

  2. Hi Lisa; my stomach cannot handle raw onions. I CAN handle well cooked onions as in liver & onions & even on a hamburg IF WELL cooked. Can I use onion powder in recipes calling for raw onions & not have stomach issues? I’m NOT allergic to onions, just can’t handle raw onions with lots of stomach pain. Thank you for responding, Greg

  3. I am wondering for cooking n flavoring my better half HATES ONIONS N CELERY ..


    • Hey Renee!
      Thanks for your message. You could probably use onion powder, just not onion salt. (Onion salt is basically onion powder mixed with salt.) As for juicing…I juiced an onion once and put the onion juice in with other vegetables to make a vegetable juice, kind of like V8. The onion juice was so over powering and harsh tasting. So, I’d say you could try juicing the onion but just use a tiny amount. Would your better half be bothered by celery seed?


Leave a Comment